Dogs do have some leaks and discharges from their eyes. As a pet owner, one must know if these discharges are normal or not. Sometimes, a dog’s eye discharges also indicate immediate medical attention.
“Technically, a normal eye should not have any ocular discharge, but a small amount of clear discharge may be OK,”, said Beth Kimmitt, DVM which is the resident of ophthalmology at Purdue University’s College of Veterinary Medicine in West Lafayette, Indiana. According to her, tears are always produced in the dog’s eyes.
The following are the five common types of dog eye discharges.
Normal Eye Discharge
Tears lubricate the eyes and help in maintaining eye health. With tears, oxygen and nourishments are provided to the eyes.
A little goop or crust is formed in the dog’s eyes which can be seen during the morning when they wake up.
The said goop or crust can be removed by wiping it with a warm damp cloth and the eyes should not be reddish and there should be no discomfort on your dog when you are wiping the crust.
Watery and Clear
Epiphora or excessive tearing can result in stained or smelly fur and/or infected skin. It can also be connected with various health conditions ranging from relatively benign to life-threatening.
Epiphora is usually caused by irritants, allergies, foreign particles inside the eyes, blocked tear ducts, and glaucoma.
Treatment for this situation varies on what’s causing it. Monitoring is advised if the dog has a mild increase in tearing yet the eyes look normal and there are no signs of discomfort in a dog.
However, for a more serious situation, immediately go to your vet for proper check-up and treatment.
This condition happens when the dog’s immune system is weak and it attacks and destroys the tear glands. With this situation, the body makes more mucus to lubricate the eyes as compensation. Yet the mucus can’t replace all the functions of tears which result in red, flamed, and painful eyes.
This can develop into abnormal corneal pigmentation and ulcer if left untreated.
Call your veterinarian right away if you noticed white-gray mucus forming on your dog’s eyes.
Yello and/or Green Eye Discharge
Eye infection is evident when a dog has yellow or green eye discharge. This discharge can also be a sign of conjunctivitis or inflammation in the dog’s eye lining.
Signs of conjunctivitis include very red eyes, blinking too much, inflammation, squinting, crusty eyes, pawing the eyes, and keeping the eyes closed.
Treatment for this type of discharge varies on what causes it. However, treatments can include antibiotics and saline washes to manage the infection and surgery for treating the duct problems.
Reddish Brown Tear Stains
These tear stains occur because of the porphyrin pigment in the tears which turn the tears into reddish brown color in prolonged air exposure.
Minimizing your dog’s reddish-brown tear staining is possible by wiping the area with a warm damp cloth a few times a day, with an eye cleaning solution or water, keeping the fur near the eyes trimmed, and antibiotic-free nutritional supplement which can be added on your dog’s food.
Always go to your veterinarian or give your veterinarian a call whenever you observe something not normal on your dog’s eye discharge.